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Poet Rabindranath Tagore Full details

Poet Rabindranath Tagore:

Poet Rabindranath Tagore Full details


Rabindranath Tagore was a leading Bengali poet, novelist, musician, playwright, painter, short-sighted, poetical, actor, vocalist, and philosopher. He is considered to be one of the greatest Bengali literary writers. Rabindranath was awarded the title of Gurudev, Kaviguru and the World Poet. Rabindranath's 12 poems, 3 plays, 3 novels and 3 essays, and other prose volumes were published shortly after his lifetime or death. His total consisted of 5 short stories and 5 songs, respectively.

All the published and unpublished works of Rabindranath were published in 12 volumes called Rabindra Composition. All the literature of Rabindranath was published in nineteen volumes of letters and four separate books. He also painted about two thousand pictures. Rabindranath's works have been translated into various languages ​​of the world. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his English translation of Gitanjali poetry in 9 years.


Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May in 1861 (28 Baishakh in 828 BCE) in the elite Thakur family of Jorasanko in Kolkata. His father is Maharshi Debendranath Tagore and grandfather Prince Dwarkanath Tagore.

The ancestors of this family migrated from East Bengal to Calcutta as a source of business. With the efforts of Dwarkanath Tagore, the zamindars and wealth of this clan increased.

Dwarkanath, who was renowned and well-established in English education and culture, achieved success in business as well as philanthropic work.

The role of Jodasanko's Thakur family in the nineteenth-century Bengali Renaissance and the religion and social-reform movement is particularly memorable.

One of the social reformers of this era and proponent of monotheism was Rammohan Roy, a close friend of Dwarkanath. The ideal of Rammohan Roy exerted an undeniable influence on Dwarkanath, his son Debendranath and Daoitra Rabindranath.

When Dwarkanath was involved in the conduct of business and zamindari, spiritual consciousness was transmitted between son Debendranath. In God-fearing, European and Indian philosophy drawn him.

In that age, Jodasanko's Thakur family was one of the backbone of literary culture, liberal thought, and progressive ideology.

Debendranath influence:

Debendranath Tagore, the father of Rabindranath Tagore, a well-educated Bengali society, studied at the Hindu College.

Finally, through the Upanishad practice, his soul fixed and he woke up in his realization of the pure truth. This feature of Debendranath attracted his son Rabindranath.

The influence of the Father on his whole mind and practical life was profound. It was within his father that Rabindranath saw an ideal man who devoted to the worldly, yet diligent, ardent but logical.

Debendranath was unique in honesty, in religion, in saintly character, and in liberal objectivity. Debendranath's influence throughout Rabindranath's life and literature were huge.

On the one hand, Devendranath's fanaticism and his family's indigenous conduct, sophisticated conduct of music and literature, on the other hand, have a profound significance in the life of Rabindranath.

The identity of his brothers:

Rabindranath was the fourteenth child of Debendranath Tagore. Little is known about his mother, Sarada Devi.

Rabindranath's eldest brother Dwijendranath Tagore was a philosopher and poet, and his brother Satyendranath Tagore was the first Indian ICS; Another brother Jyotirindranath Tagore was a musician and playwright, and among his sisters, Swarnakumari Devi got fame as a novelist.

Thakurbari's atmosphere was the face of music, literature, and theater. Not only that, but they also had close contact with the outside world.

In that large family, boys were brought up under the care of slaves. Rabindranath wrote the most memorable memory of his childhood in the book JeevanSmriti.

There were ponds, gardens and many other mysterious places in the palace house of Kolkata. The boy Rabindranath couldn't go far away without the rule of the servants.

Therefore,his childishness entangled in the fantasy of the vast world outside. In later life's poems, songs, and tourism abroad, this childhood desire has become variously embodied.


Childhood and Adolescence:

Rabindranath's formal education began at the Oriental Seminary in Kolkata. Later, he studied for several years at the Normal School established at Vidyasagar.

It was there that the foundation of his Bengali education was made. Eventually, he was admitted to St. Xavier's. But his schooling stopped due to irregular attendance. However, home-based studies continue.

One of the most important events of Rabindranath's life was traveling to the Himalayas with his father in 1873. On the way, they spent some time at Santiniketan, founded by Maharshi. That first poet set foot in the large courtyard of nature outside the city.

Rabindra's life is an important part of his father's affection. His father's extraordinary personality impressed him. He studied Sanskrit with his father in a secluded home in the Himalayas. In the evening Maharshi would recognize him as the eclipse of the sky.

In this way, the poet acquainted with Maharshi's nature and aesthetic sense.

After traveling Himalayas:

After coming back from the Himalayas, Rabindranath suddenly entered into childhood. From then on, his education and literary activities were largely unhindered.

At this time he had to study Sanskrit, English Literature, Physics, Mathematics, History, Geography, Natural Sciences, etc. Along with this, drawing, music education, and gymnastics continued. Even though regular schooling stopped, the poet's literature continued.

Rabindranath's first published poem, 'Abhilash', which published in Tattwabodhini magazine in the month of Agrahayana in the year 1281 (1874). His second poem was "Prakritir Khed", which published in 1875. He read these two poems in Tagore Bari's scholarly meeting.

It is worth mentioning that in the early part of 1874, the people of Tagore bari organized a literary conference called 'Biddajjan Samagam', calling on the poets and writers of Bangladesh. Dwijendranath, Satyendranath, and Jyotirindranath were the organizers of the merger.

At that time, Rabindranath devoted himself to the study. At the same time, literary practice goes on. His poems and stories continued to be published in the journal Gnanakkur and Pratibha in 1878, and the Bharatiya magazine.

Thakurbari published it in the editorship of Dwijendranath Tagore. Rabindranath had a place with the famous writers of the literature in the literature of Gnanakkur.

One of the reasons for this is his poem `Hindumelar Upohar', which was read in Hinduism. The indigenous consciousness developed easily in the family of Debendranath by introducing at the expense of Hinduism.

Hindu Mela is especially memorable in the history of the development and development of the national consciousness of Bengal.


Seeing Rabindranath's disdain for the prevailing education of the country, Maj. Satyendranath proposed to send him to the Billet for barrister reading.

In September 1878, Rabindranath went to England with Satyendranath Tagore. There he studied for a while in a public school in Brighton and later at University College in London. However, this study was not complete.

After returning from Billet:

After a year and a half, he returned home. During this year and a half, he closely monitors the society and life of the country. Evidence of this is found in his European-expatriate letter published in India (1881).

Although Rabindranath had not received any degree or training from England, he found a way to develop his talent there. He studied in his way with infinite curiosity about country music. As a result, he returned to the country and composed the song Balmikiprativa in 1881. In it, he mixes Western melodies with melodic songs.

Balmiki Pratibha performed on Thakurbari's 'Biddajjan Samagam'. Rabindranath himself played the role of Balmiki. His brother-in-law played the role of Saraswati. Rabindranath's first performance was Jyotirindranath Tagore's action in the role of Alikambabu in the play.

From the time of writing Balmiki Pratibha, the poet concentrated solely on song and poetry. Later, he composed the evening songs (1882) and the morning songs (1883).

The feeling of the time is a memorable event in the poet's life; He has expressed this in his memory. He then stayed with Jyotirindranath at his Sadar Street home.

His soul awakened attitude:

One day, at the moment of sunrise, suddenly an awakened spirit awakens within him, causing the world, nature, and people - everything in his eyes to seem to be flooded with a global ecstasy. This supernatural feeling manifested itself in his famous poem, 'Nirjhorer Shopno Vongo'

Suddenly released from the self-centered world, the poet came to the human world.

This is where Rabindra Pratibhava gets a real buzz. He composed the Chhabi o Gan (1884),  Prakriti Pratishodh (1884), Kori o Komal (1886), Mayar Khela (1888) and Manasi (1890).

He also wrote prose essays, criticisms, novels, etc. It was during this time that his first two novels, Bouthakurani Hat (1883) and Rajarshi (1887) were written.

Marriage of Rabindranath Tagore:

On 5 December in 1883, Rabindranath married Mrinalini Devi Ray Chowdhury. She is the daughter of Benimadhov Roy Chowdhury of Khulna, Bangladesh. Rabindranath and Mrinalini Devi had two sons and three daughters.

Shortly after marriage, some of the responsibilities of Father's enormous work came upon Rabindranath. He was the editor of the original Brahmo Samaj of Maharshi. At the time of the Brahmo Samaj, there were many confusion and uncertainties.

During the period of the Calcutta ritual of that era, young Rabindranath faithfully performed the duties entrusted to him.


Part of the zamindari:

Later, another chapter began in Rabindranath's life. In September in 1890, he accompanied to travel in Billet for a second time with Satyendranath for a month. Upon his return in October, he had to take charge of the zamindari maintenance at the behest of his father.

Rabindranath's literary work finds a different path through the fulfillment of this duty. The poems, plays, and novels he wrote for so long were all objects of imagination and pure imagination.

This time he got a chance to get closer to folklife and closely observe the ordinary life of the poor. The poet descended from the world of fantasy into the real life of the real world.

As a result, stories of the great wealth of Bangla literature were composed. Apart from this, the nature of North and East Bengal manifested in a letter written by his brother-in-law Indira Devi, which compiled in the name of Chinnapatra and Chinnapatra Bali.

During this period of life, Rabindranath visited various places of Bangladesh at Shahjadpur, Patisar, Kaligram, and Shilaidah. It is in this source that Shilidah developed a poem.

While riding the boat in the foot, Padmanadi, the sand bed, the Kashwan, the sunrise, the sunset, the poor life, and the ordinary people lilac delve deeply into the poet, which reflected in the story and poetry of the episode.


Part of the Pursuit:

Some critics identified Rabindra's life as a sadhana festival. Then Sadhana magazine published in the editorship of Dwijendranath's son Sudhindranath.

This sadhana magazine spreads the full radiance of Rabindranath's talent. In this paper, he wrote short stories and essays. His academic views and political discussions published in the magazine itself. The poet's view on education and political matters was clear and strong.

In the article "Sikshar Herpher" (1892), he proposed to make Bangla language a medium of instruction. Rabindranath always emphasized constructive work.

The essence of his essay was to get to know his nation, society, and country better, to reform himself with greater humanitarian principles and not to depend on the alms of foreign rulers.

His thoughts on various aspects of Bengali society, on the one hand, emerged in this article, and on the other, the tradition of India, its spiritual nature and the sense of unity. The poet Rabindranath Tagore composed sonar tori, Chitra, Chaitali, Kalpona, Khanika, Katha o Kahini in Shilaidah.

The poem of this episode simultaneously depicts the real picture of life and the beauty of life, present and ancient India, the great sacrifice of contemporary society and history.

Rabindranath never engaged in active politics, but he did not disassociate himself with contemporary events; Rather, he was a man of indigenous nationalism. Rabindranath has inaugurated a conference by singing 'Bande Mataram', a congressional conference held in Calcutta in 1896.

The poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote his famous poem 'Shivaji Utsav', which inspired the Shivaji festival, which launched in Maharashtra by Balagangadhara Tilak. He analyzed the political situation in various articles published in Sadhana, Bangadarshan, and Bharati.


His social activities:

During the partition of Bengal in 1905, Rabindranath strongly opposed the partition of Bengal. The poet expressed his attitude in an article published in Bangadarshan and composed a song commemorating the day of Rakhibandhan.

During that time, Poet Rabindranath Tagore composed some of the most notable songs of the poet's Swadesh period. His two songs received the status of national music in Bangladesh and India. 'Amar sonar Bangla Ami Tomay Valobashi' is a national song of Bangladesh and 'Jana Gana Mana'.

During this time, The poet Rabindranath Tagore outlined the broad program of making the country and society self-reliant in his famous 'Swadeshi Samaj' (Bhadra 1311/1904).

In this, he highlighted various aspects of public services, such as constructive procedures, public education, social authority, cooperatives, etc. about the organization of the polis. Indeed, his Rural Organizational work began when he was living in Shilaidoh.

He started a series of programs to alleviate the plight of the poor people, including education, medical treatment, drinking water, road construction, and repair, relieving the farmers of debt. Although Rabindranath supported the Swadeshi Movement, he never advocated intense nationalism or terrorism.


In Santiniketan:

In 1901, Rabindranath took the bus to Santiniketan and left at Shilaidah. Earlier in the year 1892, Debendranath built a temple in Santiniketan. From then on, the festival of festivals and fairs was held.

In December (7 Pushu of 1308), Rabindranath set up a school in Santiniketan with the permission of Maharshi. Its name was Brahmacharyasram. Later it is named Santiniketan school. Then the school was later converted into Vishwa Bharati. One of the great assets of Rabindranath's life is Santiniketan School.

The school started with five students. Rabindranath's son Rathindranath was the first student of the school. Poet's wife Mrinalini Devi used to look after the students.

The ancient Indian Tapoban modeled the life of the Shantiniketan Brahmacharyasram.

Simple casual life in the intensive fellowship of the Guru-disciple. One of Rabindranath's main assistants in conducting this Brahmachariram was the Brahmabandhab Upadhyaya, a Roman Catholic Vedantic monk.

Brahmabandhab was the first to call Rabindranath the 'world-poet'. The poet's dissatisfaction with the prevailing doctrine was from childhood.

So for a long time, the idea of ​​a life-oriented ideal education system, which he had in mind, transformed into reality by the establishment of Santiniketan school. He wanted to make this school an ideal school.

Rabindranath wanted to convey the hospitality of India to the world through the next phase of Vishwa Bharati, the practice of India, the integrity of India in the culture of the world, India's devotion and human love.

Santiniketan school was established at the beginning of the indigenous era and it became Vishwa Bharati with the resolve of World Friendship at the end of World War I.


Obstacles to his life:

In his personal and family life, Rabindranath repeatedly faced many disasters. Mrinalini Devi died in 1902. Within a few months, daughter Renuka died.

Maharshi Debendranath died in 1905 and Shamindranath, the younger son of the poet, died in 1907. Rabindranath mourned the death of so many, but he continued to perform the duties of Ashram in peace.

At the time of the family crisis, the poet was in dire financial crisis. But there was within him a superpower to overcome all crises. Therefore, his work did not intersect, he did not stop.

Literary life in Shantiniketan:

The impression of the Shantiniketan episode in Rabindranath's literature is particularly significant. At this time, the poetry and various essays in the form of meditation and penance of ancient India emerged.

In the novels of Chokher Bali (1309), Noukadubi (1313) and Gora (1316), he portrays the reality of life, on one hand, the psychology on the other and the problems of the country on the other.

However, one of the great changes of Rabindramanas took place during this phase. It is here that the poet discovers eternal India over the ethnic narrow. His famous poem 'Bharat Tirtha', composed at this time.

On the one hand, the nature of the national nature of India and its history became very meaningful to the poet, and on the other hand, In spirituality, his heart was racing in search of form. Expressing this sentiment are Khaya and Gitanjali poems and Raja and Dakghar play.

In this episode, the poet interprets the theory of grief and death in the theory of life. The poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote some of the poems of Gitanjali poetry while he was in Shilaidah. But Poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote more poems in Santiniketan.

When he started wrote a song :

After writing songs, he used to listen to students sing. Under the open sky at night the boys danced and sang songs. Almost all the plays of the poet's last age were written in Santiniketan. The students played in it. He wrote songs and dances for seasonal festivals.

One of Rabindranath's unique creations is his extraordinary song. This musical talent was sprouted and developed within the family sources. He created a unique world of music with a mixture of East-West lyrics and melodic tunes, which alone became his creation and gradually became the champion of this song.

On the occasion of Rabindranath's fiftieth anniversary in 1911, Ramendrasundra Trivedi, Justice Sardacharan Mitra, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy, Jagadish Chandra Bose, Manindranath Nandi, and other scholars celebrated the birth of the poet. This was the country's first offering to the poet before winning the Nobel Prize.

Thakurbari convention:

Jorasanko's Thakurbari was one of the main centers of contemporary literature and art, as well-known people of the country and abroad often came here. Famous art critics Anut Kumar Swamy and Sister Nivedita developed intimate relationships with the family.

Kumaraswamy translated Rabindranath's poem into Modern Review magazine. Famous historian Jadunath Sarkar also translated Rabindranath's writings in that paper.

Sister Nivedita translated the story of Rabindranath's 'Kabuliwala' into the Modern Review of January in 1912. This story impressed William Rotenstein, an English-minded painter. He wrote a letter to Abnindranath expressing his appreciation for Rabindranath.

Then the translation some of Rabindranath's poems sent to Rothenstein. At that time philosopher, Brajendranath Shil was in England for a conference. He requested Rabindranath to go to England after seeing the interest of the ill-fated palace.


His foreign life:

In June 1912, Rabindranath arrived in England with Rathindranath and his daughter-in-law, the idol goddess. Rottenstein was first introduced to the artist in Calcutta in 1911. Rabindranath handed him the translation of his poem. Prominent English poets and scholars introduced Poet Rabindranath Tagore to Rothenstein's house.

Yeats, a prominent English poet, wrote the role of English Gitanjali and paved the way for Rabindranath's fame in the West; Another CF Andrews later became a devotee of Gandhi and Rabindranath. Yates reads Rabindranath's Gitanjali poem. Then the India Society published the English Gitanjali with Yates's excellent role.

At that time Rabindranath's Chitrangada, Malini and Dakghar plays were also translated into English, which made him the best poet in Europe.

From England, Rabindranath went to America. Earlier, the poet Rabindranath Tagore was sent to the University of Illinois in Urbana, USA to study agriculture and animal husbandry.

The poet had correspondence with some of the professors in that source. They invited Rabindranath to deliver a speech there. This time the poet spoke as a psychic and a philosopher. The lectures of poet Rabindranath Tagore, compiled in the book 'Sadhana' (1913).

From America to England, the poet gives some more speeches. He returned home in October 1913. The poet Rabindranath Tagore, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in the world for Gitanjali in November of that year.


After winning the Nobel Prize:

Through constant study, communication and world events, Rabindranath immersed himself in the process of intellectual, scientific and political transformation of the ongoing world.

As a result, his poems changed and his influence on poetry became inevitable. Geetanjali's spirit of Gitimalya and Gitali (1914) remained in the poem. But later his literary career took a new turn and his main resort was a Sabujpatra magazine edited by Pramuth Chowdhury.

In that period, the Sabujpatra (Baishakh 1321/1914) emerged as a vehicle of progressive thought, harboring spoken linguistics. During this time, Rabindranath showed the patterns of his literary changes and examinations in Sabujpatra magazine.

This magazine publishes most of the poems of Balaka (1916). These poems reveal a new theory of the continuity of the world beyond the spiritual realm of Gitanjali. At its core was a new perspective of Rabindranath's experience of Western travel.


Until Balaka's poetry, the romantic poetics of Rabindranath sometimes revolve around the happiness-affliction-disruptive-reconciliation human world, and sometimes on a desolate beauty.

The poet Rabindranath Tagore, released from the unstable turmoil of this life and form of harmony. The sad and emotional contradictions of being unable to connect with the world are the key to his poetry.

At dawn, Rabindranath called upon nature and human beings with eternal love. He was attracted by the rich nature of the rhythms and the rhythms of the poetry and the tender poetry, but this man is a world-class person in the larger country.

In Sonar Tari's age, the tendency for unresolved desires for beauty has separated the poet from the world of imperfect human beings.

The journey of Kabimans through the confines of boundary and infinite in the Mansi, the Sonar Tari, and Chittray sima and Asima. He has seen Jivaneshwar in life.

Engage in spirituality:

From Khaya to Gitanjali, the poet was self-absorbed in spirituality. Balaka made his debut with a lively spirit. The reason for this sudden change of Rabindra-Kabimanas is the human, philosophical and political change of the whole world.

At this time, The poet Rabindranath Tagore established a deep connection with modern world life. The combination of oriental thinking and western ideas at different stages of life and publishing is a feature of Rabindra-Kabimanas. The influence of Bergson's philosophy was active from the beginning of Rabindramanas. Balaka is a poem of neoliberalism.

Along with the material and emotional changes in it, the poet also brings fancy to the technique. The constant motion of the atom, the constant flow of rhythm, and the vibration of the rhythm created a powerful rhythm in his consciousness. Therefore, through the use of free verse, he examines the language and rhythm in various poems.

Sabujpatra published poet Rabindranath Tagore's novels Chaturanga (1916) and GhareBaire (1916) continuously. As important as the change of Bengali literature is at this time, it is important to change the mindset of Rabindranath. Phalguni (1916) has made the poet biography of the Balaka poet.


Travel to Japan:

In 1916, the poet went to Japan. He was accompanied by two India fans, William Pearson and CF Andrews, and young artist Mukul Dey. The painter Okakura introduced the poet Rabindranath Tagore to Japanese culture by the painter Okakura in Kolkata. Then he saw the great side of Japan. But this time he saw the opposite image. So he started writing speeches on 'Nationalism'. He also spoke in America. Also, the poet Rabindranath Tagore spoke about his teaching ideas, personality traits, relations with people and the world, which compiled in the book 'Personality' (1917).

After traveling to Japan: 

One of the most memorable events of Rabindranath's life after traveling abroad was the refusal of the title given to him by the English 'Knight', which was given to him in 1915. British police abruptly shot dead Indians at a public rally in Punjab's Jallianwalab against the Roulette Act on 13 April in 1919. Seeing this tortured English statue, Rabindranath wrote a letter to the Viceroy and returned the title 'Knight'.

Application of foreign travel experience:

The experience of traveling to America made some changes in the poet's concept of Shantiniketan's Brahmacharashram, and the true form of Visva-Bharati became clear. In this phase of his life, he promoted the education of Visva-Bharati to a higher independent practice than the boycotted education of Brahmacharyasram.

He aimed to introduce a complete education system in the spirit of Indian philosophy and education. Here music and painting are arranged along with study and research. The poet handed over the Vidyajatan to the country at a special ceremony in 1921, forming a Vishwavarti Parishad and writing a permanent rule. Visva-Bharati became a central university.

At that time, The establishing of Shantiniketan as a key organ of Visva-Bharati, a poet in the village of Surul, two miles from Santiniketan. Initiatives were started for livestock farming, weaving, farming, cottage industries. Besides this, The betterment of the people of the village established a rural library, hospital, cooperative bank, tube well, industrial building, etc.

To Rabindranath, one meaning of Vishvabharati was world-work and the other was the manifestation of a world-connected worldview. Based on such an idea, Pearson and agronomist Leonard Elmhurst joined here.

Elmhurst's contribution to the development of Sriniketan is particularly memorable. The huge and long-lasting donation of his wife, Dorothy Strait made possible the establishment of Sriniketan.

His plan for Santiniketan:

Shantiniketan School established at Santiniketan Ashram and Vishvabharati collectively express the core educational concerns of Rabindranath. Shantiniketan Ashram, Santiniketan School and Vishwakarmati are the first of its kind to be spiritual; The aim of the second is to educate and educate students on the ideal of Brahmacharya, And the aim of the last is to bridge the East and West in humanities and cultural practices.

He also wanted to integrate education and daily life. The British imposed the educational system in India at that time was devoid of life. He established Sriniketan to integrate education into life by eliminating these inconsistencies.


Many poets and scholars from across the country associated with the poet Vishwakarti. Among them were Silvan Levy, Maurits Winter nights, Vincent Lesney, Stan Cooney, Carlo Formica, Josepepe Tucchi, malaria specialist. Harry Timberlake. The poet also had close contact with world-renowned philosopher Romain Rolland.

The ideology of the education system of this institution is a manifestation of Rabindranath's human-oriented unitary biology. In the article 'The Center of Indian Culture', he elaborates on the story of this fancy Vidyakendra.

He has read this article at home and abroad. Wherever he went to India, the poet spoke of his Vishvabharati; The cooperation of all sought to build this organization. Some exemplary teachers throughout his life have assisted Shantiniketan  They are Mohit Chandra Sen, Satish Chandra Roy, Ajit

Kumar Chakraborty, Jagadanand Roy, Haricharan Bandyopadhyay, Bhupendranath Sanyal, Manoranjan Bandyopadhyay, Kunj Bihari Ghosh, Bidushekhar Shastri, and Kshitmohan Sen.

His middle life:

In 1920, the poet returned to England and from there to France, Holland, Belgium to America. This time he has been speaking in various places, he wants to inform the world. However, his experience of traveling to America has not been pleasant. He traveled to Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, and Sweden. In Europe, the poet received the honor of a king. His speech for this episode, compiled by 'Creative Unity' (1922). The sound of world unity and human unity contained in it.

In 1921, Rabindranath returned home from Europe. The nationalist movement has taken a new turn in the country. Mahatma Gandhi came to India from South Africa to lead the movement. On September 6, 1921, a historic discussion was held between Gandhi and Rabindranath at the Bichitra Bhawan in Jorasanko.

During the world war:

When Rabindranath started the World Cup in 1916, he had long obsessed with the thought of world affairs. Speaking from the devastation of World War I, he spoke in his country, thinking of the salvation of human civilization. In the meantime, he wrote poems like Pulatka (1918) and Purvi (1925) and plays Muktidhara (1922). In 1924, the poet went on a trip to the east and traveled to China and Japan.

At this time his famous play Blood Rakkarabbi (published in 1924). This year he could not travel to Peru to attend the centennial celebration of South American Peru; Due to his illness, he had to travel to Argentina. It was there that he met Spanish-language poet Victoria Ocampo. In Buenos Aires, Ocampo puts the poet in his hospitality. He also took over the service of the poet. Rabindranath dedicated his foreign poetry to this foreign devotee.

The poet returned from Buenos Aires to Italy. Between 1926 and 1927, he again went out to travel to several European countries and eventually returned to Java. In Java, he saw some traces of ancient Indian civilization, whose identity reflected in the Javanese traveler.


Travel to Canda:

Rabindranath's next trip to Canada was in 1929. His famous lecture there was 'The Philosophy of Leisure'. The poet from Canada visits Japan for the third time. Between 1226 and 1930, some of Rabindranath's most famous books were published. Among these were poetical texts Mahua, novel Jogajog, Shesher Kobita, Drama Tapati, Ses Rokka, and lyric Rituranga.

Besides, he has written various articles and lectures on various occasions. As president of the Indian Philosophical Conference in 1926, he gave a speech that explained the humanity of the Bauls of the country, titled 'The Philosophy of our People'.

At 1930, Rabindranath received an invitation from Oxford to deliver the Hibbert speech. The renowned philosophers of the world have given this speech. Manchester College in Oxford held His Hibbert lecture on May 19 of that year. The lecture is titled 'The Religion of Man'. As a result, the poet Rabindranath placed in line with the world's first-class philosophers.

Rabindranath started painting at the age of sixty-seven. This is the beginning of his practice from the cutting edge of writing. Photographs of poets in countries such as Paris, England, Germany, Denmark, and other attractions attract artists.

In the meantime, he traveled to Russia. Russia's social revolution fascinated him and their actions after the First World War. Russia's letter is a reflection of his experience.

He returned to the United States in January 1931. This was his last trip to the West. Later, the poet visited India twice in Persia and Iraq in 1932 and Sinhalese in 1934.

Jagatarini Gold Medal:

The University of Calcutta has honored Rabindranath in various ways. He was the first recipient of the 'Jagatarini Medal' of this university in 1921. In the 'orange speech' given in 1932, the poet says about the religion of the people. Rabindranath accepted the post of professor at Calcutta University and gave some lectures and made history by addressing the convention in Bengal at this university in 1938.


His last ten years: 

For the last ten years of his life, Rabindranath wrote many poems, songs, dance plays, travel stories, criticisms, novels, and essays. His writing in this episode touches on a new era. The number of his poems composed at this time is about fifteen. Among them, he wrote Punascha(1932), Shesh Saptak (1935), Patraput (1936) and Shyamoli (1936) in prose.

At this stage, a profound change noticed in Rabindramanas. The poet gradually became a scientist, and his consciousness diminished philosophically. Poems also became silent and meditative. Sometimes he obsessed with death.

[caption id="attachment_2372" align="alignnone" width="236"]Poet Rabindranath Tagore A part of his literary life, This time make him a great poet Rabindranath Tagore[/caption]

This is reflected in the poem of the Prantik (1938). The poet's pushed his mind towards the human society, in the world of fairy tales, in search of the mind of the Baul, in the memory of childhood, in the pain of the afflicted. But on the other hand, experiments on literature and new creations continue.

This time he wrote the prose. The dances are his marvelous creations. The poet Rabindranath Tagore transformed old poetry into dance; Chitrangada, Shyama and Chandalika wrote. Nataraja, Naveen, Sravanagatha are all music of nature. The poets' novels of the last decade are Dui Bon (1933), Malanch (1934) and Char Adhyay (1934).

His scientific thought:

Coming to life, Rabindranath thought of complex theories of science. His crop is Bisya Porichoy (1937). The poet's innate passion for science was there from his childhood. He authored many articles on zoology, physics, and astronomy.

In his early life, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose increased his curiosity towards companionship and the science of science. Throughout his poetry the impression of a conscious science and philosophical realization is palpable.

During his visit to Europe, Rabindranath met Einstein in Germany. He made the melody of contemporary science in his numerous poems.

The poet's nature-based poetry has also emerged in the deepest scientific theory of the universe. She (1937), Tinsange (1940), GolpoSolpo (1941) have presented excellent stories about science and scientists in these texts.


The worldly poet witnessed the deep crisis of human civilization before death.

Yet he was always confident in human dignity. The tone of that poet remains Kalantor (1937) and Savvotar Sankat (1941). Rabindranath's last word is the crisis of civilization. He had read this speech on his last birthday. The poet Rabindranath Tagore served eighty years.

In September 1940, the poet went to Kalimpong and became ill. From then on his physical condition began to deteriorate. On 7 August in 1941 (Sravana 22, 1348), Rabindranath breathed his last.


Poet Rabindranath Tagore's famous quotes:

#Depth of friendship does not depend on length of acquaintance.

#Faith is the bird that feels the light when the dawn is still dark.

#God waits to win back his own flowers as gifts from man's hands.

#It is very simple to be happy, but it is very difficult to be simple.

#Let us not pray to be sheltered from dangers but to be fearless when facing them.

#Not hammer-strokes, but dance of the water, sings the pebbles into perfection.

#Only in love are unity and duality not in conflict.

#Reach high, for stars lie hidden in you. Dream deep, for every dream precedes the goal.

#The biggest changes in a women's nature are brought by love; in man, by ambition

#The burden of the self is lightened with I laugh at myself.

#We read the world wrong and say that it deceives us.

#You can’t cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water.

#What is Art? It is the response of man's creative soul to the call of the Real.

#Every difficulty slurred over will be a ghost to disturb your repose later on.

#Everything comes to us that belongs to us if we create the capacity to receive it.

#Faith is the bird that feels the light and sings when the dawn is still dark.

#He who is too busy doing good finds no time to be good.

#I seem to have loved you in numberless forms, numberless times, in life after life, in age after age forever.

#Love's gift cannot be given, it waits to be accepted.

#Music fills the infinite between two souls.

#Trees are the earth's endless effort to speak to the listening heaven.

#We come nearest to the great when we are great in humility.

#In Art, man reveals himself and not his objects.

#Let your life lightly dance on the edges of Time like dew on the tip of a leaf.

#The roots below the earth claim no rewards for making the branches fruitful.

#Death is not extinguishing the light; it is only putting out the lamp because the dawn has come.

#Love is an endless mystery, because there is no reasonable cause that could explain it.

#The flower which is single need not envy the thorns that are numerous.

#Clouds come floating into my life, no longer to carry rain or usher storm, but to add color to my sunset sky.

#The traveler has to knock at every alien door to come to his own, and one has to wander through all the outer worlds to reach the innermost shrine at the end.

Poet Rabindranath Tagore


#By plucking her petals you do not gather the beauty of the flower.

#Love does not claim possession, but gives freedom.

#The stars are not afraid to appear like fireflies.

#You smiled and talked to me of nothing and I felt that for this I had been waiting long.

#Bigotry tries to keep truth safe in its hand with a grip that kills it.

#Don't limit a child to your own learning, for he was born in another time.

#Love is an endless mystery, for it has nothing else to explain it.

#Nirvana is not the blowing out of the candle. It is the extinguishing of the flame because day is come.

#To be outspoken is easy when you do not wait to speak the complete truth.

#We gain freedom when we have paid the full price.

#Every child comes with the message that God is not yet discouraged of man.

# Gray hairs are signs of wisdom if you hold your tongue, speak and they are but hairs, as in the young.

#If you shut the door to all errors, truth will be shut out.

#Life is given to us, we earn it by giving it.

#Beauty is truth's smile when she beholds her own face in a perfect mirror.

#Emancipation from the bondage of the soil is no freedom for the tree.

#If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars.

#The butterfly counts not months but moments, and has time enough.

#A mind all logic is like a knife all blade. It makes the hand bleed that uses it. Your idol is shattered in the dust to prove that God's dust is greater than your idol.

#The greed for fruit misses the flower.



Other articles: Hazrat Muhammad Sm, APJ Abdul kalam.

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