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Degree all Rules Fully Updated

Introduction: 

Degree all Rules Fully Updated

 


Definite: Degree হল Adjective এর রূপভেদ। এটি ৩টি ভাগে বিভক্ত। যথা-

  • Positive Degree

  • Comparative Degree

  • Superlative Degree


Positive Degree:


কোন sentence এ Noun বা pronoun এর দোষ, গুন, অবস্থা ইত্যাদি বুঝাতে adjective এর যে রূপ ব্যবহার হয় তাকে Positive Degree বলে। যেমন – Mr. Roni is a good man.

 

Comparative Degree:


সাধারণত দুটি Noun বা pronoun এর দোষ, গুন, অবস্থা ইত্যাদির তুলনা বুঝাতে adjective এর যে রূপ ব্যবহার হয় তাকে Comparative Degree বলে।

যেমন – Rahim is wiser than Karim.

 

Superlative Degree:


সাধারণত অনেকের মধ্যে তুলনা বুঝাতে adjective এর যে রূপ ব্যবহার হয় তাকে Superlative Degree বলে।

যেমন – Rony is the best player in the team.

 

Transferring Rules of Degrees


 

Superlative Degree into Positive Degree


Superlative Degree কে Positive Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

Rule 1:


No other + প্রদত্ত Superlative এর পরের অংশ + verb + so/as + Superlative Degree এর Positive form + as + মূল sentence এর subject.

Superlative: Rony is the smallest player in the team.

Positive: No other player in the team is as small as Rony.

Superlative: Sima is the best housewife.

Positive: No other housewife is as good as Sima.

Rule 2:


all other, most other, many other, few other, very few, one of the যুক্ত Superlative Degree কে Positive Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

প্রথমে very few + Superlative এর পরের অংশ + verb এর plural form + so/as + Superlative Degree এর Positive form + as + মূল sentence এর subject.

Superlative: He is one of the best players in the team.

Positive: Very few players in the team are as good as he.

Superlative: Iron is one of the most useful metals.

Positive: Very few metals are as useful as Iron.

 

Comparative into positive


Rule 1:


Than any other/all other যুক্ত Comparative Degree কে Positive Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

No other + any other/all other এর পরের অংশ + verb + so/as + Comparative Degree এর Positive form + as + প্রদত্ত sentence এর subject.

Comparative: kibria is greater than any other boy in the class.

Positive: No other boy in the class is as great as Kibria.

Comparative: Dhaka is larger than all other cities in Bangladesh.

Positive: No other cities in Bangladesh is as large as Dhaka.

Rule 2:


Than যুক্ত Comparative Degree কে Positive Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

Than এর পরের অংশ + verb + not + so/as + Comparative এর Positive form + as + প্রদত্ত sentence এর subject.

Comparative: Rony is bigger than Bony.

Positive: Bony is not as big as Rony.

Comparative: He is stronger than I.

Positive: I am not as strong as he.

Rule 3:


Than most other / than few other যুক্ত Comparative Degree কে Positive Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

Very few + most other/few other এর পরের অংশ + verb এর plural form + so/as + Comparative এর Positive form + as + প্রদত্ত sentence এর subject.

Comparative: The gold is most useful than most other metals.

Positive: very few metals are as/so useful as gold.

Comparative: A. K. Fazlul Haque was greater than most other politicians in Bangladesh.

Positive: very few politicians in Bangladesh were as/so great as A. K. Fazlul Haque.

 

Rule 4:


No less/not less ……..than যুক্ত Comparative Degree কে Positive Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

No less/not less এর পরিবর্তে উক্ত যায়গায় as বসে এবং than এর পরিবর্তে উক্ত যায়গায় as বসে। আর কোন পরিবর্তন হয় না।

Comparative: He is no less intelligent than you.

Positive: He is as intelligent as you.

Comparative: Kripa is not less clever than shipa.

Positive: Kripa is as clever as shipa.

 

Rule 5:


No sooner had ….than যুক্ত Comparative Degree কে Positive Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

No sooner had এর পরিবর্তে as soon as + subject + verb এর পরিবর্তে past form + than এর পূর্বের অংশ + than এর পরিবর্তে কমা বসে + বাকী অংশ।

Comparative: No sooner had he seen me than he ran away.

Positive: As soon as he saw me, he ran away.

 

Superlative into comparative


 

Rule 1:


Subject + verb + Superlative এর comparative form + than any other + প্রদত্ত sentence বাকী অংশ।

Superlative: He is the best player in the team.

Comparative: He is better than any other player in the team.

 

Note: All of থাকলে All of এর পরিবর্তে than all other বসে।

Superlative: He is the best of all men.

Comparative: He is better than all other man.

 

Rule 2:


One of the যুক্ত Superlative Degree কে Comparative Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

Subject + verb + Superlative এর comparative form + than most other + প্রদত্ত sentence বাকী অংশ।

Superlative: Kibria is one of the best players in the team.

Comparative: Kibria is better than most other players in the team.

Superlative: Canada is one of the coldest countries in the world.

Comparative: Canada is colder than most other countries in the world.

 

 

Positive into comparative


 

Rule 1:


No other যুক্ত positive Degree কে Comparative Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

প্রদত্ত sentence এর শেষের subject + verb + positive degree এর comparative form + than any other + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত।

 

Positive: No other player in the team is as best as he.

Comparative: He is better than any other player in the team.

Positive: No other country in the world is so/as cold as Canada.

Comparative: Canada is colder than any other country in the world.

 

Rule 2:


Very few যুক্ত positive Degree কে Comparative Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

 

প্রদত্ত sentence এর শেষের subject + verb + positive degree এর comparative form + than most other + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর পূর্ব পর্যন্ত।

 

Positive: Very few students are so good as Lablu.

Comparative: Lablu is better than most other students.

Positive: Very few metals are so costly as gold.

Comparative: Gold is costlier than most other metals.

 

Rule 3:


As……as যুক্ত positive Degree কে Comparative Degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

 

প্রদত্ত sentence এর শেষের subject + verb + not + positive degree এর comparative form + than + প্রদত্ত sentence এর প্রথম subject।

Positive: He is as good as his brother

Comparative: His brother is not better than he.

 

Comparative into superlative


 

Rule 1:


Subject + verb + the + Comparative এর superlative form + other এর পরের অংশ।

Comparative: He is better than any other player in the team.

Superlative: He is the best player in the team.

 

Note – other এর পর plural noun থাকলে superlative এর পরে of all বসে ।

Comparative: He is bigger than of all boys.

Superlative: He is the tallest of all boys.

 

Rule 2:


Than most other/than few other যুক্ত Comparative কে Superlative এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম:

Subject + verb + one of the + Comparative degree এর superlative form + most other/few other এর পরের অংশ।

Comparative: Vatican City is smaller than most other countries in the world.

Superlative: Vatican City is one of the smallest countries in the world.

Comparative: Dhaka is bigger than most other cities in Bangladesh.

Superlative: Dhaka is one of the biggest cities in Bangladesh.

 

Positive into superlative:


 

Rule 1:


No other যুক্ত positive degree কে superlative degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

 

প্রদত্ত sentence এর শেষের Subject + verb + the + positive এর superlative form + no other এর পর থেকে verb এর মাঝের অংশ।

Positive: No other player in the team is as good as Raju.

Superlative: Raju is the best player in the team.

Positive: No other man man in the society is as good as he.

Superlative: He is the best man in the society.

 

Rule 2:


Very few যুক্ত positive degree কে superlative degree তে রুপান্তর করার নিয়মঃ

 

প্রদত্ত sentence এর শেষের Subject + verb + one of the + positive এর superlative form + very few এর পর থেকে verb এর মাঝের অংশ।

Positive: Very few men in the village are as tall as kobir.

Superlative: Kobir is one of the tallest men in the village.

 

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