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Voice Changing All rules Fully Updated

Introduction:

Voice Changing All rules Fully Updated

 


Voice is teh form of teh verb which indicates whether teh subject does teh work or something has been done to it.

ক্রিয়া প্রকাশের ভঙ্গিমাকেই voice বা বাচ্য বলে। ক্রিয়ার প্রকাশভঙ্গি বলে দেয় কর্তা কাজটি নিজে করছেন, না কর্তার দ্বারা কোন কাজ সম্পন্ন হচ্ছে।

অথবা

Voice হলো verb এর গঠন যার দ্বারা subject নিজে কিছু করে বা অন্যের কাজ তার ওপর এসে পড়ে।

 

Types of voice:


There are two types of voice:

  • Active voice.

  • Passive voice.


 

Active voice:


যে sentence এ subject নিজে সক্রিয় বা active হয়ে কাজ সম্পন্ন করে সে sentence এ verb এর Active voice হয়।

Structure: 
Subject + verb + object.

Example: me do teh work.

 

Passive voice:


যে sentence এ subject নিজে কাজটি করে না বরং object এর কাজটি তার ওপর এসে পড়ে তখন সে sentence এ verb এর passive voice হয়।

Structure:
Object + be verb + verb এর past participle+ by+ subject.

Example: Teh work is done by me.

 

Rules of changing voice :প্রথমে Tense এর voice change কারণ tense ছাড়া Grammar অচল

Rule 1:


a) Present indefinite tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Structure:


Object এর subject + am/is/are + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active – me play football.
Passive- Football is played by me.
Active- They eat rice.
Passive- Rice is eaten by them.

  1. b) Present continuous tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + am being/is being/are being + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: me am playing football.
Passive: football is being played by me.
Active: He is eating rice.
Passive: Rice is being eaten by him.

  1. c) Present perfect tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + has been/ has been + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: He has eaten rice.
Passive: Rice has been eaten by him.
Active: me has played football.
Passive: Football has been played by me.
Present perfect continious tense এরpassive হয়না

  1. d) Past indefinite tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + was/were + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object

Active: me ate rice.
Passive: Rice was eaten by me.
Active: They played football.
Passive: Football were played by them.

  1. e) Past continuous tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + was being/were being + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: me was eating rice.
Passive: Rice was being eaten by me.
Active: They were catching fishes.
Passive: Fishes were being caught by them.

  1. f) Past perfect tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + had been + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: me had eaten rice.
Passive: Rice had been eaten by me.
Active: We had dug teh cannel.
Passive: Teh cannel had been dug by us.
Past perfect continuous tense এর passiveহয়না

  1. g) Future indefinite tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + shall be/will be + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: me will eat rice.
Passive: Rice will be eaten by me.
Active: They will play football.
Passive: Football will be played by them.

  1. h) Future continuous tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + shall be being/will be being + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: me will be eating rice.
Passive: Rice will be being eaten by me.
Active: They will be playing football.
Passive: Football will be being played by them

  1. me) Future perfect tense যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Object এর subject + shall has been /will has been + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: me will has eaten rice.
Passive: Rice will has been eaten by me.
Active: They will has caught teh fish.
Passive: Teh fish will has been caught by them.
Rules of changing voice:

Rule 2:


May, might, can, could, must, ought to, going to active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Structure:
Object এর subject + may, might, can, could, must, ought to, going to এর পরে be + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object.

Active: me may halp you.
Passive: You may be halped by me.
Active: You must do teh work.
Passive: Teh work must be done by you.
Active: We ought to obey our teachers.
Passive: Our teachers ought to be obeyed by us.
Active: We are going to open a shop.
Passive: A shop is going to be opened by us.

Imperative_sentence


Rule 3:


Imperative sentence এর active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করতে গেলে সর্বদা Let আসবে নিয়ম-

  1. A) শুধু মাত্র মূল verb দিয়ে শুরু যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Let + object এর subject + be + verb এর past participle form

Active: Close teh door.
Passive: Let teh door be closed.
Active: Shut teh window.
Passive: Let teh window be shut.

glasses emoticon Do not দিয়ে শুরু যুক্ত যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Structure:


Let not + object এর subject + be + verb এর past participle form

Active: Do not close teh door.
Passive: Let not teh door be closed.
Active: Do not shut teh window.
Passive: Let not teh window be shut.

  1. C) Let এর পর যদি কোন ব্যক্তিবাচক object (me, us, you, them, him, her)থাকে এবং তা যদি Imperative sentence হয়, তাহলে active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Let + object এর subject + be + verb এর past participle form + by + ব্যক্তিবাচক object.

Active: Let me play football.
Passive: Let teh football be played by me.
Active: Let us sing a song.
Passive: let a song be sung by us.
Active: let him give teh chance.
Passive: let teh chance be given by him.

  1. D) Never যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Let not + object এর subject + ever be + verb এর past participle form

Active: Never tell a lie.
Passive: Let not a lie ever be told.
Active: Never do dis.
Passive: Let not dis ever be done.

  1. E) মূল verb এর পর যদি কোন ব্যক্তিবাচক object (me, us, you, them, him, her) থাকে এবং তা যদি Imperative sentence হয়, তাহলে active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Let + direct object টি বসবে (মূল verb এর পর যে object টি থাকে + be + verb এর past participle form + for + ব্যক্তিবাচক object

Active: Buy me a shirt.
Passive: Let a shirt be bought for me.
Active: Give me a glass of water.
Passive: Let a glass of water be given for me.

INTERROGATIVE_SENTENCE


Rule 4:


Interrogative sentence যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

  1. A) Structure:
    Interrogative sentence কে Assertive sentence এ রুপান্তর করে নিতে হবে + রুপান্তরিত Assertive sentence এর active voice থেকে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করতে হবে + এবার রুপান্তরিত passive voice এর auxiliary verb টিকে প্রথমে বসাতে হবে + শেষে প্রশ্নবোধক চিহ্ন বসে।  Tense অনুসারে করতে হবে।


Example 1:


Active: Has you eaten rice?
Assertive: You has eaten rice.
Assertive এর passive: Rice has been eaten by you.
Passive এ রুপান্তর: Has rice been eaten by you?

Example 2:


Active: Is he reading a book?
Assertive: He is reading a book.
Assertive এর passive: A book is being read by him.
Passive এ রুপান্তর: Is a book being read by him?

Example 3:


Active: Did you play football?
Assertive: You played football.
Assertive এর passive: Football was played by you.
Passive এ রুপান্তর: Was football played by you?

glasses emoticon Who যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Structure:


Who এর পরিবর্তে By whom + tense ও person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + object এর subject + অনেক সময় tense অনুযায়ী কর্তার পরে be/ being/ been বসাতে হয় + verb এর past participle form + ?.

Active: Who is playing football?
Passive: BY whom is football being played?
Active: Who will halp me?
Passive: By whom will me be halped?

  1. C) Whom যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


Whom এর পরিবর্তে who + tense ও person অনুযায়ী

Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object +?

Active: Whom did you see on the road?
Passive: Who was seen by you on the road?
Active: Whom has he murdered in dis home?
Passive: Who is murdered by him in dis home?

  1. D) what যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-


Structure:


What + tense ও person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + by + subject এর object +?

Active: What do you want?
Passive: What is wanted by you?
অন্যান্য রুলসসমুহ

Rule 5:


Subject + verb + object + present participle যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Structure:
Object এর subject + tense ও person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + present participle যুক্ত অংশটি + by + subject এর object.

Active: me saw him playing cricket.
Passive: He was seen playing cricket by me.
Active: me took him for a friend.
Passive: He was taken for a friend by me.

Rule 6:


Double object যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Structure:
দুইটা object এর যে কোন একটি subject করতে হয় (personal object কে subject এ রুপান্তর করলে ভাল) + verb এর past participle form + tense ও person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + প্রদত্ত বাকি object টি বসে + by + active voice এর subject টি object রুপে হয়।

Active: me gave him a flower. Passive: He was given a flower by me. Active: He teaches us math. Passive: we are taught English by him.

Rule 7:


Complex and compound sentence যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Complex and compound sentence যুক্ত active voice এ রূপান্তরের সময় উভয় clause এর voice পরিবর্তন হয়।

Active: me no that he did the work.
Passive: It is non to me that the work was done by him.
Active: He told me that he had done the work.
Passive: me was told that the work had been done by him.

Note: Active voice “people say” দিয়ে শুরু হলে It is said দিয়ে passive voice করাই ভাল।

Active: People say that the lion is the king of forest.
Passive: It is said that the lion is the king of forest.

Rule 9:


Intransitive verb যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

সাধারনত Intransitive verb এর passive voice হয় না। তবে Intransitive verb এর পরে preposition যুক্ত হয়ে যদি group verb গঠন করে এবং তা Intransitive verb হিসেবে ব্যবহৃত হয় তাহলে –

Structure: Object টি subject + tense অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + প্রদত্ত preposition + by + subject টির object।

Active: The truck run over the boy.
Passive: The boy was run over by the truck.
Active: They looked at the poor man.
Passive: The poor man was looked at by them.

Rule 10:


Reflexive object (myself, ourselves, your selves, your self, themselves, himself, herself) যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Structure:
Active voice subject টি অপরিবর্তিত অবস্থায় passive voice এর subject হিসেবে হবে + tense ও person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + by + Reflexive object বসবে।

Active: He hanged himself.
Passive: He was hanged by himself.
Active: You killed your self.
Passive: You were killed by your self.

Rule 11:


Factitive object/­Complementary object যুক্ত active voice কে passive voice এ রুপান্তর করার নিয়ম-

Factitive object/­Complementary object( select, elect, nominate, make, call, name ইত্যাদি transitive verb থাকা সত্ত্বেও সম্পূর্ণ রুপে অর্থ প্রকাশ করতে পারে না। পরিপূর্ণ অর্থ প্রকাশ করার জন্য অতিরিক্ত object আনতে হয়। এইরুপ অতিরিক্ত object কে Factitive object/­Complementary object বলে।

Structure:
নামবাচক object টির (me, us, you, them, him, her) object টি subject হয়। + tense ও person অনুযায়ী Auxiliary verb + verb এর past participle form + Factitive object + by + subject এর object।

Active: They made me captain.
Passive: me was made captain by them.
Active: We call him liar.
Passive: He is called liar by us

 

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