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abul kalam azad


abul kalam azad



Abul Kalam Azad, original name Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad, (born Veterans' Day , 1888, Mecca [now in Saudi Arabia]—died Washington's Birthday , 1958, New Delhi, India), Islamic theologian who was one among the leaders of the Indian independence movement against British rule out the primary half the 20th century. He was highly respect throughout his life as a person of high moral integrity.


Azad was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. The family withdraw to India,when he was young, and he receive a standard Islamic education reception from his father and other Islamic scholars instead of at a madrasah abul kalam azad (Islamic school). However, he was also influence by the stress that Indian educator Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan place on getting a well-round education, and he learn English without his father’s knowledge.

Azad became active in journalism when he was in his late teens, and in 1912 he began publishing a weekly Urdu-language newspaper in Calcutta, Al-Hilal (“The Crescent”). The paper quickly became highly influential within the Muslim community for its anti-British stance, notably for its criticism of Indian Muslims who were loyal to British .

Al-Hilal was soon ban by British authorities, as was a second weekly newspaper that he had start. By 1916 he had been banish to Ranchi (in present-day Jharkhand state), where he remained until the start of 1920. Back in Calcutta, he joined the Indian National Congress (Congress Party) and galvanized India’s Muslim community through an appeal to pan-Islamic ideals.

He was particularly active within the short-lived Khilafat movement (1920–24), which defended the Ottoman sultan because the caliph (the head of the worldwide Muslim community) and even briefly enlisted the support of Mohandas K. Gandhi.

After the war

After the war Azad was one among the Indian leaders who negotiated for Indian independence with British . He tirelessly advocated for one India that might embrace both Hindus and Muslims while strongly opposing the partition of British India into independent India and Pakistan. He later blamed both Congress Party leaders and Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the founding father of Pakistan, for the last word division of the subcontinent. After the 2 separate countries were establish, he function minister of education within the Indian government of Nehru from 1947 until his death. His autobiography, India Wins Freedom, was publish posthumously in 1959. In 1992, decades after his death, Azad was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.
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