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calorific value of fuels

Caloric Value of Fuels

calorific value of fuels


The amount of heat produced by the complete combustion of a unit weight of fuel is known as its calorific value.

Calorific value indicates the amount of heat available from a fuel

. The greater the calorific value of fuel, the larger is its ability to produce heat. In case of solid and liquid fuels, the calorific value is expressed in cal/gm or kcal/kg. However, in case of gaseous fuels, it is generally stated in cal/litre or kcal/litre.

Advantages of liquid fuels over solid fuels

The following are the advantages of liquid fuels over the solid fuels :


(i) The handling of liquid fuels is easier and they require less storage space.

(ii) The combustion of liquid fuels is uniform Caloric Value of Fuels.

(iii) The solid fuels have higher percentage of moisture and consequently they burn with great difficulty. However, liquid fuels can be burnt with a fair degree of ease and attain high temperatures very quickly compared to solid fuels.

(iv) The waste product of solid fuels is a large quantity of ash and its disposal becomes a problem Caloric Value of Fuels.

However, liquid fuels leave no or very little ash after burning.

(v) The firing of liquid fuels can be easily controlled. This permits to meet the variation in load demand easily.


Advantages of Solid fuels over liquid fuels

The following are the advantages of solid fuels over the liquid fuels :

(i) In case of liquid fuels, there is a danger of explosion.

(ii) Liquids fuels are costlier as compared to solid fuels.

(iii) Sometimes liquid fuels give unpleasant odours during burning.

(iv) Liquid fuels require special types of burners for burning.

(v) Liquid fuels pose problems in cold climates since the oil stored in the tanks is to be heated in order to avoid the stoppage of oil flow.
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