In study 1
In study 1, it's administered to 1824 Americans drawn to match the U.S. adult demographics from a web panel (CriticalMix) a measure of youth today authoritarianism (12) and questioned what proportion participants believed that children today respect their elders compared to once they were children. Average ratings were significantly above the mean, showing that, on the typical , people believed that children of today are less respectful of their elders than they used to be (summary mean: b = 0.505, SE = 0.113, P < 0.001).
More over, people that held a better degree of respect for authority believed that children today respect their elders less [β = 0.267, P < 0.001, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.304 to 0.227]. In an exploratory analysis, we also found that older participants believed that youngsters lately are getting less respectful of their elders (β = 0.162, P < 0.001, 95% CI = 0.206 to 0.115), but no interaction between authoritarianism and age (P > 0.56). Furthermore, conditioning on age, the authoritarianism effect still held (β = 0.246, P < 0.001, 95% CI = 0.285 to 0.207).
Some metric of attitudes
Last, modeling authoritarianism as one latent factor (instead of the preregister summary score) show an equivalent relationship where the more authoritarian someone is, the more they believe that children today not respect their elders (β = 0.293, P < 0.001, 95% CI = 0.337 to 0.248). In study 2, we examined whether the youngsters lately effect generalizes to perceptions about intelligence.
This metric of attitudes toward children is particularly noteworthy because, give the rising intelligence across the decades (13, 14), children today are more intelligent than children of the past, a trend continuing within the us (15). We recruited a replacement sample of 134 participants from Amazon Mechanical Turk.
We administered both the authoritarianism measure and an eight-item vocabulary measure constructed using Rasch modeling from the entire 40-item vocabulary subscale of the Completion, Arithmetic, Vocabulary, and Directions (CAVD) IQ test (16, 17). Unlike within the case of authoritarianism, the summary mean was no different from the assumption of “no change in intelligence” (P > 0.81).
More intelligent people, however, believe that children today were becoming less intelligent (β = 0.173, P = 0.036, 95% CI = 0.339 to 0.008). Adding authoritarianism to the model showed that authoritarianism was unrelated to those beliefs about children (β = −0.054, P > 0.49). this suggests that the results from study 1 weren't simply the connection of authoritarian beliefs predicting complaints about children or society generally [cf. (18)]. Instead, per our trait-specific hypothesis, the youngsters lately effect occurs in another domain and is stronger for less than those that are higher therein domain.
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