Advantages of LED
The light-emitting diode (LED) is a solid-state light source.
LEDs have replaced
incandescent lamps in many applications because they have the following advantages:
(i) Low voltage
(ii) Longer life (more than 20 years)
(iii) Fast on-off switching
Protecting LED against reverse bias. The LEDs have low reverse voltage ratings. For
example, a typical LED may have a maximum reverse voltage rating of 3 V. This means
that if a reverse voltage greater than 3 V. is apply to the LEDs with a high level of
reverse bias. One way to protect a LED is to connect greater than the reverse voltage
rating of LED is accidentally apply, the rectifier diode will be turn on. This protects
the LED from damage.
A LED than emits one colour when forward biased and another colour when reverse
biased is call a multicolor LED.
One commonly used schematic symbol for these LEDs is shown in Fig. 1.
Multicolor LEDs actually contain two pn junctions that are connected in reverse-parallel
with anode of one being connected to the cathode of the other.
If positive potential is
applied to the top terminal as shown in Fig. 1(i), the pn junction on the left will light.
Note that the device current passes through the left pn junction. If the polarity of the
voltage source is reversed as shown Advantages of LED in reversed and is now padding through the right
Multicolor LEDs are typically red when biased in one direction and green when
biased in the other, If a multicolor LED is switched fast enough between two polarities,
the LED will produce a third colour. A red/green LED will produce a yellow light when
rapidly switched back and forth between biasing polarities.
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