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Cold War


The conflict between capitalism and the socialist world





Introduction

 

Cold War

 





The Cold War is an important topic in international politics. It began after World War II and ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union. It can also be called a fight.





When the Soviet Union (USSR: Union of Soviet Socialist Republic) collapsed in 1991, international leaders and leading military figures at the time were under intense pressure. There was no direct war then, but somehow the practice of war continued. In the language of political science, it can be call a nerve war. That is to say, the whole world was on the brink of another war worse than World War II, even if it was not a war on the battlefield. The socialist states were led by the Soviet Union. The term 'Cold War' was first coined by the Russian writer George Orwell in 1945, and the word 'Cold War' was use by the American journalist Walter Lippmann in a 1948 book.





Background:






After World War II, the United States and the former Soviet Union emerged as superpowers. The United States and the Soviet Union clashed with opposing ideologies. After World War II, the whole world was divide into two camps. The United States-led capitalist capitalist alliance and the Soviet-led socialist camp.
On the other hand, the ideology of the Soviet Union, or USSR, was to liberate the world from poverty and exploitation through socialism or the outbreak of the Cold War was centered around this opposition to their ideology, which lasted from 1947 to 1991 (after World War II).
Read More: China’s Debt Trap.





Impact of the Cold War:





The Cold War had a profound effect on countries around the world, especially in the Third World.





Formation of military alliance:






In the aftermath of the war, a number of military alliances were formed, led by the United States and the Soviet Union.





Arms competition:






The US-led NATO alliance and the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact camp are engaged in an arms race against each other over it. Proxywars existed around the world when both sides competed to build nuclear weapons and missiles.





International disputes:






The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union led to a number of major crises in various parts of the world. The crisis has plunged countries into dire financial straits.





The fall of the Berlin Wall:






Due to the Cold War, Germany was divided and a wall was erect along the center of Berlin. This wall is know as the 'Berlin Wall'. It was disband in 1989 in the last phase of the Cold War.





The collapse of the Soviet Union:






Participating in the Cold War, the country fell into a terrible financial crisis as it sought to build arms and help other countries with money and weapons. It was at this point that Glasnost and Perestroika began, and in 1991 the Soviet Union officially broke up.





Emergence of the new state:






As a result of the Cold War and the break-up of the Soviet Union, about 15 countries gained independence, including a few Baltic states. Notable among these are Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, etc.





Polarization:






With the collapse of the Soviet Union, America became the only powerful nation in the world. As a result, the bipolar world came to an end and the unipolar world system developed.





Origin of the Third World:






The idea of ​​a third world was born out of the cycle of the Cold War. Those who took a neutral position outside the US Alliance (First World) and Soviet Union (Second World) became known as the Third World.
Such as: South America, Africa, countries of the Asian continent.





Non-aligned policy:






Those who did not want to join the First and Second World States Alliance organized themselves and adopted a non-aligned policy. Because of this policy, they sought to maintain equality with the United States and the Soviet Union. They formed what became known as the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).





End of the Cold War:






The duality of the two superpowers in the Soviet Union and America eventually manifested itself as the Cold War. In a sense, post-World War II politics is center around the Cold War. The rise and fall of state power in different countries is born out of the transformation and change of politics. The coolness of this relationship was in a sense determine by the support or participation of the Soviet Union and the United States. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the tensions of it subsided in 1991 and did not disappear. Many political analysts see the recent escalation of tensions over the Ukraine-Russia crisis as a new form of the Cold War. Through the collapse of the Soviet Union.


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